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In the U.S., 1999 saw the lowest number of Police Line-of-Duty Deaths
in 35 years; 42 law enforcement officers lost their lives due to criminal action; 63 officers died accidentally. Most were killed by handguns, 5 officers by their own duty weapon.
The first women police officers
were appointed in 1883 by the London Metropolitan Police.
There are over 3,000 Sheriff's Offices in the United States.
The Island County Sheriff's Office
has been in continuous operation since 1853.
The State of Washington, Mike Hawley's home State, has 39 Counties and therefore 39 Sheriff's Offices.
Most American Sheriff's are elected.
American Sheriffs are elected because the original colonists from England detested the power of the King's appointed Sheriffs. They decided that the power of the Chief Law Enforcement Officer in their new county should be controlled by the people.
The word SHERIFF
is derived from two English words circa 1000 AD: 1) Shire,
a political subdivision equivalent to American counties. 2) Reeves,
a term denoting a trusted noble who assigned by the King to a particular Shire to be his representative in legal matters both criminal and civil. Hence the word; Shire-Reeves
The word POLICE
is derived from the Greek word Polis
England's Scotland Yard
is named after the garden behind Sir Robert Peel's original home and office. This is where he organized the first professional police force in London in 1829. Legend had it that a banished Scottish King, had once resided on what were now Peel's grounds.
In 1844, the city of New York
established the first modern, round the clock, paid police force in the U.S.
when asked about his quick draw, replied that in a gun fight, a slow
careful aim was far more important than speed.
Statistically, when shots are exchanged between a police officer and a suspect, fewer than 10% of the rounds hit either of the individuals.
Bullet Proof Vests are not bullet proof, they're bullet resistant. Most rifle rounds will easily pass through.
Over 70% of the homicides
in America each year are committed by individuals who were related to the victim, friends or an acquaintance.
In 1999, there were fewer murders per capita
in the United States than in the past 30 years!
Entry wage for a new deputy sheriff in Island County, WA is $3200/month.
The difference between a misdemeanor or a felony crime
is simply the length of time you might serve in jail or prison if convicted. Misdemeanors carry sentences less than a year, felonies, more than a year.
The term Cops
comes from the copper buttons that were used on most turn of the century police uniforms.
are named after Sir Robert Peel.
Louisiana currently has the most people incarcerated per capita, of any State.
Island County Sheriff's Office relies upon a paid force of 38 sworn, or Commissioned peace officers (including Sheriff Mike Hawley); 20 Corrections Deputies; and 9 civilians (clerical and administrative staff, and food service workers in the Sheriff's County Jail) and 150 volunteers
. Our County's population is 75,000.